His award-winning book, Seeker Small Groups, provides a detailed blueprint for facilitating small group discussions that assist spiritual seekers with investigating Christianity. Garry lives in suburban Chicago.
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Blinding ignorance does mislead us. Wretched mortals, open your eyes! Leonardo da Vinci Breathtaking Lincoln Cathedral, towering atop Lindum Hill in a quaint community two hours by train north of London, can be seen from twenty miles away. Some say it's among the finest medieval buildings in all of Europe. Its edifice, parts of which date back to , is awash in spotlights at night, creating a spectacular golden glow. I pulled open the massive black door and walked inside. The cavernous sanctuary, with its arched ceilings and elegant stained glass, still functions as a church today. Exploring a long hallway, our footsteps echoing as we went, Garry and I came upon a small room to the right and opened the door, which creaked eerily on its hinges.
Our eyes immediately were captured by an elegant statue along the wall a finely carved marble image of a winged and bearded figure bearing a written proclamation. How ancient was it? Fifteenth century? I smiled and picked it up, easily holding it above my head. Next to it was a monument that purported to date back centuries but it was made of plywood. And the stone wall with beautiful frescos painted on it? The whole thing was drawn on heavy canvas including the stones themselves.
Ron Howard had been here. As director of The Da Vinci Code movie, he had been faced with a challenge. The plot of the book climaxes with a confrontation at London's Westminster Abbey, but officials there refused to let Howard film his movie inside their historic walls. The reason, they said, is that the novel is filled with 'factual errors' and was 'theologically unsound. That brought him to Lincoln Cathedral.
The Da Vinci Code (Book)
Cathedral officials were critical of Brown's book too, calling it 'speculative and far-fetched,' and even heretical in places, 'based on ideas put forward rather late in the church's history. Phony paintings, crypts, and statues were skill fully designed and constructed. To the casual observer, they appeared every bit as real as the other historic artifacts in the medieval cathedral.
On camera, they would undoubtedly fool viewers. In a way, this harmless Hollywood trickery is a metaphor for the more insidious illusions that, according to Dan Brown, have fooled students of history for generations. His basic charge in The Da Vinci Code is that people have been misled and deceived by historical accounts about Jesus that have no basis in reality.
Explorando El Codigo Da Vinci : Garry D. Poole :
History, Brown asserts, is written by the winners, who naturally paint themselves in positive ways while disparaging their defeated foes and so we're left with a biased and tainted record that only tells one side of the story. How can we assess whether an ancient document is trustworthy? Are there legitimate criteria we can use to test historical claims? And what about some of the eye-popping historical allegations that Brown makes, such as his assertion that the Priory of Sion has been protecting the secrets about Jesus, Mary Magdalene, and their descendants for centuries?
Or that it was Emperor Constantine, an ersatz Christian, who deified Jesus, collated the Bible, and destroyed competing gospels in order to eliminate the real story about Jesus' identity? I placed a call to Dr. Paul Maier, a well-respected and straight-shooting professor of ancient history, and made an appointment to question him about these issues. It was time to get some answers.
What was your overall reaction to The Da Vinci Code? What are three things you liked most about the book or movie? What did you like least and why? Are there any questions, issues, or concerns about historical Christianity that The Da Vinci Code raises in your mind? If so, what are they specifically? Gauging Historical Accuracy 'Many historians now believe as do I that in gauging the historical accuracy of a given concept, we should first ask ourselves a far deeper question: How historically accurate is history itself?
veronique-esthetique.fr/includes/2073.php Can historical events be verified? Why or why not? What do you think determines whether or not a historical event actually occurred? Maier, a wiry and feisty professor of ancient history at Western Michigan University, has achieved acclaim as a scholar, teacher, and author of both academic and popular writings. Teabing shows them the hidden symbols in The Last Supper and the painted representation of the Magdalene. As Langdon is showing off the cryptex, Silas appears and hits him over the head.
Silas holds Sophie and Teabing at gunpoint and demands the keystone, but Teabing attacks Silas, hitting him on the thigh where his punishment belt is located, and Sophie finishes him off by kicking him in the face and bind him before he escapes.
Sophie reveals the source of her estrangement from her grandfather, ten years earlier. Arriving home unexpectedly from university, Sophie clandestinely witnesses a spring fertility rite conducted in the secret basement of her grandfather's country estate. From her hiding place, she is shocked to see her grandfather making love to a woman at the center of a ritual attended by men and women who are wearing masks and chanting praise to the goddess. Langdon explains that what she witnessed was an ancient ceremony known as Hieros gamos or "sacred marriage".
Sophie also realizes that the writing on the cryptex is decipherable if viewed in a mirror. Langdon remembers that the Knights Templar supposedly worshipped the god Baphomet, who is sometimes represented by a large stone head. The word, unscrambled by the Atbash Cipher, is Sofia.
When they open the cryptex, however, they find only another cryptex, this one with a clue about a tomb where a knight was buried by a pope. Fache realizes that Teabing and the rest of them are on a jet. He calls the British police and asks them to surround the airfield, but Teabing tricks the police into believing that there is nobody inside the plane but himself. Silas goes to the church to get the keystone, but when he tries to force Langdon to give it up, Langdon threatens to break it. They go to Westminster Abbey, where Newton is buried. There, the Teacher lures them to the garden with a note saying he has Teabing.
They go there only to discover that Teabing himself is the Teacher. Wanting the secret to be public knowledge, he had decided to find the Grail himself. Teabing gives Langdon the cryptex and asks Langdon and Sophie to help him open it. He opens the cryptex and secretly takes out the papyrus. Then he throws the empty cryptex in the air, causing Teabing to drop his pistol as he attempts to catch it and prevent the map inside from being destroyed. Suddenly, Fache bursts into the room and arrests Teabing.
Bishop Aringarosa , realizing that Silas has been used to murder innocent people, rushes to help the police find him. When the police find Silas hiding in an Opus Dei Center, he assumes that they are there to kill him, and he rushes out, accidentally shooting Bishop Aringarosa. Bishop Aringarosa survives but is informed that Silas was found dead later from a bullet wound.
In the hospital the next day, Aringarosa bitterly reflects that the Teacher tricked him into helping with his murderous plan by claiming that if the Bishop delivered the Grail to him, he would help the Opus Dei regain favor with the Church. The papyrus inside the second cryptex directs Sophie and Langdon to Rosslyn Chapel in Scotland, whose docent turns out to be Sophie's long-lost brother, whom Sophie had been told died as a child in the car accident that killed her parents. The Priory of Sion hid her identity to protect her from possible threats to her life.
Sophie and Langdon part, promising to meet in Florence in a month. Back in Paris, Langdon comprehends the real meaning of the poem, which leads him back to the Louvre, where he is sure that the Grail is buried beneath the small pyramid directly below the inverted glass pyramid of the Louvre. It also lies beneath the "Rose Line," an allusion to "Roslyn. Leigh Teabing says that the absence of a chalice in Leonardo's painting means Leonardo knew that Mary Magdalene was the actual Holy Grail and the bearer of Jesus' blood.
Leigh Teabing goes on to explain that this idea is supported by the shape of the letter "V" that is formed by the bodily positions of Jesus and Mary, as "V" is the symbol for the sacred feminine. The absence of the Apostle John in the painting is explained by knowing that John is also referred to as " the Disciple Jesus loved ", code for Mary Magdalene. According to the novel, the secrets of the Holy Grail , as kept by the Priory of Sion are as follows:. The secrets of the Grail are connected, according to the novel, to Leonardo Da Vinci's work as follows:.
Brown's novel was a major success in and was outsold only by J. Rowling 's Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix. The book was not generally well received by critics, and it has been the subject of numerous negative appraisals concerning its literary value and its portrayal of history. Main article: Inaccuracies in The Da Vinci Code The book generated criticism when it was first published for inaccurate description of core aspects of Christianity, the history of the Catholic Church , and descriptions of European art , history, and architecture.
The book has received mostly negative reviews from Catholic and other Christian communities. Many critics took issue with the level of research Brown did when writing the story. New York Times writer Laura Miller characterized the novel as "based on a notorious hoax", "rank nonsense", and "bogus", saying the book is heavily based on the fabrications of Pierre Plantard , who is asserted to have created the Priory of Sion in Critics accuse Brown of distorting and fabricating history. This assertion is broadly disputed.
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Some critics claim that the Priory of Sion was a hoax created in by Pierre Plantard. The author also claims that "all descriptions of artwork, architecture, documents Dan Brown himself addresses the idea of some of the more controversial aspects being fact on his web site, stating that the "FACT" page at the beginning of the novel mentions only "documents, rituals, organization, artwork and architecture", but not any of the ancient theories discussed by fictional characters , stating that "Interpreting those ideas is left to the reader".
Brown also says, "It is my belief that some of the theories discussed by these characters may have merit. In , while promoting the novel, Brown was asked in interviews what parts of the history in his novel actually happened. He replied "Absolutely all of it.
Asked by Elizabeth Vargas in an ABC News special if the book would have been different if he had written it as non-fiction he replied, "I don't think it would have. The program featured lengthy interviews with many of the main protagonists cited by Brown as "absolute fact" in The Da Vinci Code. The program also cast severe doubt on the Rosslyn Chapel association with the Grail and on other related stories, such as the alleged landing of Mary Magdalene in France.
The novel's argument is as follows.
Investigating the Issues Raised by the Book and Movie
He thought Christianity would appeal to pagans only if it featured a demigod similar to pagan heroes. According to the Gnostic Gospels , Jesus was merely a human prophet, not a demigod. Therefore, to change Jesus' image, Constantine destroyed the Gnostic Gospels and promoted the gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, which portray Jesus as divine or semidivine. The novel has also attracted criticism in literary circles regarding artistic and literary merit, and its representation of British and French characters.
I invented him. The role of the Knights Templar.
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